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Actual Water Test Results From Wells in White and Surrounding Counties

To date, of the parameters that we have tested for in water from wells in White County, Georgia, we have found the following to be in excess (or outside) of allowable (safe) levels in several to many of the samples. Some were far in excess. For example, 1 in 25 wells have arsenic in amounts exceeding 5 times the allowable limits. One family was drinking water that had 20 times the allowable limits of Nitrate - a toxic substance that cannot be tasted, smelled or seen but enters the ground from chicken litter or manure or chemical fertilizers. It is surprisingly common in suburban environments because metropolitan gardeners fail to calculate the appropriate amounts for application and thus over-apply to lawns and gardens alike.

All of the following were found in excess in multiple wells. When in doubt about a test result or reliability of your results, we recommend that you split your sample and send half to a second lab of your own choice. This will guarantee you that you are getting accurate, reliable results!


E. coli







Total Dissolved Solids


  Sulfur Reducing Bacteria

Iron Related Bacteria

Slime Bacteria








We have not tested routinely for organic contaminants or radiological agents.

Sample Test Results Showing Some Test Parameters, Sources, Potential Health Effects and Typical Cost for Individual Parameters at Certified Labs

Actual Cost of These Tests for these 36 Test Parameters is ONLY $211.00

 Parameter Your Result mg/L  MCL (Compare to this)  Potential Health Effects from Ingestion of Water /Comments (Also see literature) Individual  Rate  Sources of Contaminant in Drinking Water (See Also Accompanying Literature)
Metals (Except Hg)          
Acidity   No Limit Affects ability to neutralize acids or bases    
Alkalinity (G)   250 mg/L Affects ability to neutralize acids or bases    
Aluminum (Al PP SS G) 0.2451 0.05-0.2 mg/L (SS) There is no published Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), but 0.2 mg/L is considered safe.   Elevated aluminum is believed to be associated with forms of dementia, such as Alzheimer’s
Antimony (Sb PP)   0.006 mg/L Increase in blood cholesterol; decrease in blood sugar   Discharge from petroleum refineries; fire retardants; ceramics; electronics; solder
Arsenic (As PP) <0.3000 ppb 0.01 Skin damage or problems with circulatory systems, and may have increased risk of getting cancer   Erosion of natural deposits; runoff from orchards, runoff from glass & electronics production wastes
Beryllium (Be PP)   0.004 Intestinal lesions   Discharge from metal refineries and coal-burning factories; discharge from electrical, aerospace, and defense industries
Boron (B G) <0.0100 No Limit      
Bromine (Br)   No Limit     nematacides, soil sterilization
Cadmium (Cd PP G) <0.0050 0.005 ppm (P) Kidney Damage   Corrosion of galvanized pipes; erosion of natural deposits; Discharge from metal refineries; runoff from waste batteries and paints
Calcium, Total Hardness as Ca (G) 1.737 No Limit     leaching from soil minerals; contributes to hardness
Carbon Dioxide   No Limit Acidifies water    
Chloride (Cl = chlorine, G) 0.96 250 mg/L Salty taste, corroded pipes, fixtures and appliances, blackening and pitting of stainless steel. Nuisance Chemical: Cosmetic or Aesthetic (Taste, Odor, Color, Rash) The recommended maximum contaminant level is 250 mg/L, since the chloride ion imparts a salty taste to the water. If ions of Calcium and Magnesium are present, the chloride ion may not impart a salty taste until over 1000 mg/L   Natural minerals, seawater, road salt, fertilizers, industrial waste, sewage
Chlorine, Free & Total   No Limit     a disinfectant added by man
Chromium (Cr PP G) <0.0050 0.1 mg/L (P) Allergic dermatitis   Discharge from steel and pulp mills; erosion of natural deposits
Conductivity uS/cm 25 700 uS/cm Typical Distilled ~0-3 uS/cm; Tap 120-180 uS/cm; ;     Bottle Drink Water 276uS/cm; Bot. Spring 282 uS/cm
Copper (Cu PP G) <0.0050 1.0 mg/L (S); 1.3 mg/L (P) Bitter or metallic taste; blue-green stains on plumbing fixtures. Short term exposure: Gastrointestinal distress  Long term exposure: Liver or kidney damage  People with Wilson's Disease should consult their personal doctor if the amount of copper in their water exceeds the action level; At 1 mg/L, the water may taste bitter and is highly toxic and may disrupt the metabolic processes, especially for children. For freshwater the concentration should be less than 0.036 mg/L   Corrosion of household plumbing systems; industrial and mining wastes, erosion of natural deposits
Corrosivity (PP SS) Corrosive NonCor depends on temperature, acidity, hardness, and oxygen content of water   pitted or leaking pipes; metallic taste; staining due to lead, copper, iron, or zinc dissolved from plumbing
Cyanide, Total (PP)   0.2 mg/L Nerve damage; Thyroid problems   Discharge from steel or metal factories; discharge from plastic and fertilizer factories
Cyanide, Amenable to Chlorination (PP)      
Dissolved Oxygen 5.6 No Limit Fish kills if too low    
Fluoride (Fluorine = F, G) 1.41 2.0 mg/L (S) 4.0 mg/L (P) Brownish discoloration of teeth. Bone disease (pain and tenderness of the bones); Children may get mottled teeth; Skeletal and dental fluorosis   Water additive which promotes strong teeth; erosion of natural deposits; discharge from fertilizer, aluminum industries; water additive Volatile
Foaming Agents (PP SS)   0.5 mg/L Gastrointestinal upset; frothy, cloudy appearance; soapy taste; unpleasant odor   Household and industrial wastes; detergents
Hardness (G) 47 (soft) No Limit 0-75 is considered soft. Damage to appliances, fixtures   leaching from soil minerals
Iodine (I)   No Limit necessary in small doses; toxic in elevated doses    
Iron, Total (Fe PP G) 0.3149 0.3 mg/L (SS) Brackish color; Rusty sediment; bitter metallic taste; brown-orange stains; iron bacteria and discolored beverages. Nuisance Chemical: Cosmetic or Aesthetic (Taste, Odor, Color, Rash)   Natural deposits; leaching of cast iron pipes I water distribution systems
Lead (Pb PP)   0.0 mg/L Deficits in learning ability and mental development; Kidney problems; Hypertension   Corrosion of household plumbing systems; erosion of natural deposits
Magnesium (Mg G) 0.6932 Not Listed      
Manganese, HR (Mn PP G) 0.0089 0.05 mg/L (SS) Brownish color; black stains on laundry and fixtures; bitter taste; altered taste of water-mixed beverages; Nuisance Chemical: Cosmetic or Aesthetic (Taste, Odor, Color, Rash)   Natural deposits in rocks and soil
Mercury (Hg PP)   0.002 mg/L Kidney Damage   Erosion of natural deposits; discharge from refineries and factories; runoff from landfills and croplands
Molybdenum (Mo G) <0.0050 Not Listed      
Nickel (Ni G) <0.0100 Not Listed      
Nitrogen, Ammonia   No Limit     Runoff from fertilizer use; leaching from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits
Nitrogen, Nitrate (G) 0.6 10 mg/L (P) Infants below the age of six months who drink water containing nitrate in excess of the MCL could become seriously ill and, if untreated, may die. Symptoms include shortness of breath and blue-baby syndrome.   Runoff from fertilizer use; leaching from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits
Nitrogen, Nitrite (G)   1.0 mg/L Infants below the age of six months who drink water containing nitrite in excess of the MCL could become seriously ill and, if untreated, may die. Symptoms include shortness of breath and blue-baby syndrome.   Runoff from fertilizer use; leaching from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits
Nitrogen, Organic Kjeldahl Not Listed    
Organic cmpds, MBA's   See 1    
Organic cmpds, Pesticides See 1    
Organic cmpds, Phenols   See 1    
Organic cmpds, Purgeables See 1    
Organic cmpds, Base/neutrals Acids See 1    
pH (G) 6.47 6.5-8.5 Digestive problems   pitting of pipes and fixtures; bitter or metallic taste (low pH); slippery feel, soda taste, scaly deposits (high pH); Dist. 7.69; Sp 8.14; Bot 8.0; Tap 7.54
Phosphorus (P), Total (G) 0.0163 No Limit  (PO43- ion)(0.326)    
Phosphorus, Reactive (P2O5) 0.03735 No Limit  (PO43- ion)(0.747)    
Phosphorus, PO43- ion 0.05 No Limit  Direct Reading    
Potassium (K G) 0.9375 No Limit      
Residue, Non-filterable   No Limit      
Salinity     Heart, Blood Pressure    
Selenium (PP)   0.05 mg/L Hair or Fingernail loss; numbness in fingers or toes; circulatory problems   Discharge from petroleum refineries; erosion of natural deposits; discharge from mines
Silica (SiO2) 22.35 No Limit      
Silver (Ag EPA PP SS)   0.1 mg/L      
Sodium (Na G) 1.28 No Limit      
Sodium Chromate          
Sulfate (PP SS G) 6.25 250 mg/L Bitter medicinal taste, scaly depostis; corrosion; laxative effects; "rotten egg" odor from Hydrogen Sulfide gas formation. Nuisance Chemical: Cosmetic or Aesthetic (Taste, Odor, Color, Rash)   natural deposits or salts; by-products of coal mining; industrial wastes and sewage
Temperature (deg C) 23.1 No Limit Affects solubility, concentration of chemicals    
Temperature (deg F) 73.58 No Limit Affects solubility, concentration of chemicals    
Thallium (EPA PP)   0.0005 mg/L Hair loss; changes in blood; kidney, intestine, or liver problems   Leaching from ore-processing sites; discharge from electronics, glass, and drug factories
Total Dissolved Solids (G) 14 500 ppm = mg/L Heart, Blood Pressure; Hardness of water; scaly deposits; sediment; cloudy colored water; odor; staining; salty or bitter taste   Dissolved minerals; iron and manganese;Typical Tap~60-90ppm; Dist 0; Sp 143; Bot 140
Visual Examination Cloudy Clear of observable microbial activity (protist/fungal)      
Zinc (Zn EPA PP SS G) <0.0050 5 mg/L (S) metallic taste   natural deposits; leaching of galvanized pipes and fittings
30 X Microscopic Exam pr, alg Clear of observable microbial activity (protist/fungal) Potentially dangerous microorganisms    
Color (G) 5 CU 0-5 CU iron, copper, or manganese; organic chemicals; organic matter   visible tint
Turbidity (G) 11.9 NTU 0-25 NTU Inactivates Disinfectants;Turbidity is a measure of the cloudiness of water. It is used to indicate water quality and filtration effectiveness (e.g., whether disease-causing organisms are present). Higher turbidity levels are often associated with higher levels of disease-causing microorganisms such as viruses, parasites and some bacteria. These organisms can cause symptoms such as nausea, cramps, diarrhea, and associated headaches.   Erosion and Organics
E. coli Coliform Test 91/100mls 0 SDWA requires 0 coliforms / 100 mls in drinking water    
Other Coliforms Test 3/100mls 0      
Total Coliform Test 94/100mls 0      
Fecal Coliforms   0      
Corrosivity   NonCor depends on temperature, acidity, hardness, and oxygen content of water   pitted or leaking pipes; metallic taste; staining due to lead, copper, iron, or zinc dissolved from plumbing
Magnesium (By Calculation) Not Listed $15.00 if done along with Calcium Test    
Sterile Sampling Containers + Preservatives Does not include shipping    
RS1 (Rapid Screen Part I)          
RS1P Plus (Rapid Screen Part I plus Coliform Test)     Coliforms, plus On-Site Temperature, Conductivity, Nitrate, pH, Total Dissolved Solids, Color, Turbidity,   Visual; and 30X Microscopic Exam, with immediate results (except microbe and NO3)
RS2 (Rapid Screen Part II)        
RS3 (Rapid Screen Part III)        
RS4 (Rapid Screen Part IV)        
GAESL BMA (Basic Mineral Analysis) P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Al, B, Cu, Zn, Na, Cd, N, Cr, Mo    
GAESL Basic Mineral Analysis w Acid Digest (= BMA w Acid GaESL)     P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Al, B, Cu, Zn, Na, Cd, N, Cr, Mo    
GAESL Anion by IC     Cl, Fl, PO4, SO4   or $18.00/ea
GAESL NO3 (G)          
GAESL NO2 (G)          
GAESL Lead (first draw) (PP)       plumbing, solder, electronics
GAESL Kjeldahl Nitrogen          
GAESL Arsenic (PP)         Agricultural pesticide
GAESL Selenium (PP)         pesticides, rat poisons, electronics
GAESL Mercury (PP)         gold mining, antiseptics
GAESL Thallium (PP)         pesticides
GAESL Antimony (PP)          
Option 1: Do It Yourself - Almost     You collect water and submit it for testing and pay for the tests yourself. We provide limited on-site tests that other labs cannot do and analysis of all your results with recommendations    
Option 2: Purification Recommendations     We analyze all your data, research available systems and recommend the best system for your needs. If you don't need purification, we tell you.    
Site Visit and Sampling          
Comprehensive Water Quality Analysis Consult, Area Water Quality Research, Precipitation Data, Topo Analysis, Geologic Analysis, Recommendations and Report          
mg/L = milligrams per liter        
< = less than          
MCL = Maximum Contaminant Level   Maximum allowable level of this contaminant. Established by EPA, usually given in mg/L unless otherwise noted    
PP = priority pollutant          
SS = secondary standard          
1 = National Primary Drinking Water Standards      


Actual Cost of This Test was $211.00 for 36 Test Parameters


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Last modified by Dr. Eberhard Essich 03/22/17